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[matrix] View of /pkg/man/rcond.Rd
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# View of /pkg/man/rcond.Rd

Wed Jul 18 14:46:20 2007 UTC (12 years, 1 month ago) by maechler
File size: 2237 byte(s)
norm() for sparse; systematic checking of norm() and all "Summary" methods
\name{rcond}
\title{Estimate the Reciprocal Condition Number}
\alias{rcond}
% most methods are documented in <foo>Matrix-class.Rd
\alias{rcond,ANY,missing-method}
\alias{rcond,matrix,character-method}
\alias{rcond,Matrix,character-method}
\alias{rcond,ldenseMatrix,character-method}
\alias{rcond,ndenseMatrix,character-method}
%
\usage{
rcond(x, type, \dots)
}
\description{
Estimate the reciprocal of the condition number of a matrix.

This is a generic function with several methods, as seen by
}
\arguments{
\item{x}{an \R object that inherits from the \code{Matrix} class.}
\item{type}{
Character indicating the type of norm to be used in the estimate.
The default is \code{"O"} for the 1-norm.  The other possible value is
}
\item{\dots}{further arguments passed to or from other methods.}
}
\value{
An estimate of the reciprocal condition number of \code{x}.
}
\section{BACKGROUND}{
The condition number of a matrix is the product of the
\code{\link{norm}} of the matrix and the norm of its inverse (or
pseudo-inverse).
The condition number takes on values between 1 and infinity,
inclusive, and can be viewed as a factor by which errors in solving
linear systems with this matrix as coefficient matrix could be
magnified.

\code{rcond()} computes the \emph{reciprocal} condition number with
values in \eqn{[0,1]} and can be viewed as a scaled measure of how
close a matrix is to being rank deficient (aka \dQuote{singular}).

Condition numbers are usually estimated, since exact computation is
costly in terms of floating-point operations.  An (over) estimate of
reciprocal condition number is given, since by doing so overflow is
avoided.  Matrices are well-conditioned if the reciprocal condition
number is near 1 and ill-conditioned if it is near zero.
}
\seealso{
}
\references{
Golub, G., and Van Loan, C. F. (1989).
\emph{Matrix Computations,}
2nd edition, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore.
}
\examples{
x <- Matrix(rnorm(9), 3, 3)
rcond(x)
rcond(Hilbert(9))  # should be about 9.1e-13
}
\keyword{array}
\keyword{algebra}