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sampleSelection: Limited Dependent Vari.
[#1278] Discuss Maddala/Powers/stata MoveStay differences
Ott Toomet (
Ott Toomet (otoomet)
Discuss Maddala/Powers/stata MoveStay differences
(by Nigel Melville)
Movestay is widely used in the Stata community.
Here is a document from Dan Powers that provides clear explanation of switc=
hing models in stata:
If you visit the document by Powers, you will see a simulation example on p=
age 12-13 of switching regression. The data generating process is given on =
When I run the same model as that on page 12/13,
I get the following:
As you can see, the rho1 (selection 1 FALSE) is .3143.
In Stata movestay (widely used program) the FALSE selection is rho2 and is =
given by -.3143.
There is a different sign here.
My conclusions, based on the discussion in Powers on pages 8-9 on "Interpre=
ting the Covariance Parameters" is that
1. Powers starts with the positive-signed disturbance term in selection =
equation on page 6 (deviating from Maddala), so the rho2 must be changed in=
sign for correct interpretation.
2. Your sampleSelection package starts with the negative signed disturban=
ce (consistent with Maddala) and so the rho1 can be immediately interprete=
d without any sign change.
Anyhow, once again I appreciate this discussion and I think we are getting =
closer to enlightenment :-)
On 3 February 2011 23:15, Melville, Nigel <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
When you say "all error terms are added (rather than subtracted)" this does=
not seem to be consistent with Maddala's (1983) formulation which I have copied b=
elow. Note the negative sign on selection equation 9.62.
Date: 2011-02-12 21:25
Hi Ott! I would be very happy if you clarify the selection issue of the Tobit-5 model in the vignette -- particularly a description of how rho1 and rho2 can be interpreted will be very helpful for many users who estimate a Tobit-5 model. I don't think that it is a disadvantage if the vignette more and more deviates from the published version.
Date: 2011-02-12 05:22
The correct form of the link is:
Date: 2011-02-12 04:16
Should we add these comments to the vignette? I am inclined to do so, but then we will deviate more and more from the published version.